Interactions of mesotrione and atrazine in two weed species with different mechanisms for atrazine resistance

Andrew J. Woodyard, Josie A. Hugie, Dean E. Riechers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The joint activity of mesotrione and atrazine can display synergistic effects on the control of both triazine-sensitive and site- of-action-based triazine-resistant (TR) broadleaf weeds. The first objective of this study was to evaluate a PRE application of atrazine followed by a POST application of mesotrione for potential interactions in both site-of-action-based TR redroot pigweed and metabolism-based atrazine-resistant (AR) velvetleaf. Results from these sequential experiments demonstrated that synergism was detected in reducing biomass of the TR redroot pigweed but not in the AR velvetleaf with metabolism-based resistance. The second objective was to evaluate the joint activity of mesotrione and atrazine in a tank-mix application in the AR velvetleaf biotype. Greenhouse studies with the AR biotype indicated that synergism resulted from a tank mix with a constant mesotrione rate of 3.2 g ai ha 1 in mixture with atrazine ranging from 126 to 13,440 g ai ha -1. Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging also revealed a synergistic interaction on the AR biotype when 3.2 g ha -1 of mesotrione was applied with 126 g ha -1 of atrazine beginning 36 h after treatment and persisting through 72 h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-378
Number of pages10
JournalWeed Science
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

Keywords

  • Glutathione S-transferases
  • HPPD inhibitor
  • Herbicide synergy
  • Photosystem II inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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