Interactions between rotavirus and natural organic matter isolates with different physicochemical characteristics

Leonardo Gutierrez, Thanh H. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Interaction forces between rotavirus and Suwanee River natural organic matter (SRNOM) or Colorado River NOM (CRNOM) were studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM) in NaCl solutions and at unadjusted pH (5.7-5.9). Compared to CRNOM, SRNOM has more aromatic carbon and phenolic/carboxylic functional groups. CRNOM is characterized with aliphatic structure and considerable presence of polysaccharide moieties rich in hydroxyl functional groups. Strong repulsive forces were observed between rotavirus and silica or mica or SRNOM. The interaction decay length derived from the approaching curves for these systems involving rotavirus in high ionic strength solution was significantly higher than the theoretical Debye length. While no adhesion was observed for rotavirus and SRNOM, attraction was observed between CRNOM and rotavirus during approach and adhesion during retraction. Moreover, these adhesion forces decreased with increasing ionic strength. Interactions due to ionic hydrogen bonding between deprotonated carboxyl groups on rotavirus and hydroxyl functional groups on CRNOM were suggested as the dominant interaction mechanisms between rotavirus and CRNOM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14460-14468
Number of pages9
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 26 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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