Interaction of Estrogen Receptor α with 3-Methyladenine DNA Glycosylase Modulates Transcription and DNA Repair

Varsha S. Likhite, Emily I. Cass, Scott D. Anderson, John R. Yates, Ann M. Nardulli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estrogen receptor α (ERα) interacts with basal transcription factors, coregulatory proteins, and chromatin modifiers to initiate transcription of the target genes. We have identified a novel interaction between ERα and the DNA repair protein 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase (MPG) thereby providing a functional link between gene expression and DNA repair. Interestingly, the ERα-MPG interaction was enhanced by the presence of estrogen response element (ERE)-containing DNA. In vitro pull-down assays indicated that the interaction of ERα with MPG was direct and occurred through the DNA-and ligand-binding domains and the hinge region of the receptor. More importantly, endogenously expressed ERα and MPG from MCF-7 cells coimmunoprecipitated with ERα- and MPG-specific antibodies. The ERα-MPG interaction had functional consequences on the activities of both proteins. ERα increased MPG acetylation, stabilized the binding of MPG with hypoxanthine-containing oligos, and enhanced MPG-catalyzed removal of hypoxanthine from DNA. In turn, MPG dramatically stabilized the interaction of ERα with ERE-containing oligos, decreased p300-mediated acetylation of the receptor, and reduced transcription of simple and complex ERE-containing reporter plasmids in a dose-dependent manner. Our studies suggest that recruitment of MPG to ERE-containing genes influences transcription and plays a role in maintaining integrity of the genome by recruiting DNA repair proteins to actively transcribing DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16875-16882
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number16
StatePublished - Apr 16 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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