Interaction of Apple Cultivars with Populations of Cedar‐Apple Rust

S. S. Korban, H. Chen, S. M. Ries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Five physiological populations of Gymnosporangium juniperi‐virginianae Schw. were identified on the basis of pycnial and aecial lesion formation when seven apple cultivars grown in a glasshouse were inoculated with basidiospores of rust populations collected from six locations in the U.S.A. The relationship between cultivars and rust populations was explored quantitatively using the parameters N, D, and DR, where N was the highest number of pycnial lesions on a leaf/plant; D was the largestdiameter measurement of pycnial lesions on a leaf/plant; and DR, the disease rating, was proportional to the diseased area of the leaf and calculated as ND2. Statistically significant differences among cultivars over all rust populations for variables N, D, and DR were obtained, indicating the possible existence of race non‐specific resistance in apple to cedar‐apple rust. Moreover, significant differences among the rust populations over all cultivars for variable N and DR were obtained, confirming the existence of physiologically different rust populations of the pathogen. A change in the pathogenicities of these physiological populations must have occurred over time (10‐year period). A significant interaction between cultivars and rust populations was observed for lesion size (D) only, indicating a probable existence of race specific resistance in apple as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Phytopathology
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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