Intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Gbd 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Intentional Injuries Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. Methods: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries. Results: In 2015, 28,695 individuals (95% UI: 25,474–37,832) died from self-harm, 35,626 (95% UI: 20,947–41,857) from interpersonal violence, and 143,858 (95% UI: 63,554–223,092) from collective violence and legal interventions. In 2015, collective violence and legal intervention was the fifth-leading cause of DALYs in the EMR and the leading cause in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; they account for 49.7% of total DALYs in Syria. Conclusions: Our findings call for increased efforts to stabilize the region and assist in rebuilding the health systems, as well as increasing transparency and employing preventive strategies to reduce self-harm and interpersonal injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-46
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Mediterranean Region
Violence
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
Syria
Wounds and Injuries
Libya
Yemen
Afghanistan
Iraq
Suicide
Global Burden of Disease
Health

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Eastern mediterranean region
  • Intentional injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. / Gbd 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Intentional Injuries Collaborators.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 63, 01.05.2018, p. 39-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gbd 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Intentional Injuries Collaborators. / Intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015 : findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2018 ; Vol. 63. pp. 39-46.
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abstract = "Objectives: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. Methods: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries. Results: In 2015, 28,695 individuals (95{\%} UI: 25,474–37,832) died from self-harm, 35,626 (95{\%} UI: 20,947–41,857) from interpersonal violence, and 143,858 (95{\%} UI: 63,554–223,092) from collective violence and legal interventions. In 2015, collective violence and legal intervention was the fifth-leading cause of DALYs in the EMR and the leading cause in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; they account for 49.7{\%} of total DALYs in Syria. Conclusions: Our findings call for increased efforts to stabilize the region and assist in rebuilding the health systems, as well as increasing transparency and employing preventive strategies to reduce self-harm and interpersonal injuries.",
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T1 - Intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2015

T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

AU - Gbd 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Intentional Injuries Collaborators

AU - Mokdad, Ali H.

AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar

AU - Charara, Raghid

AU - El Bcheraoui, Charbel

AU - Khalil, Ibrahim

AU - Afshin, Ashkan

AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.

AU - Collison, Michael

AU - Chew, Adrienne

AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.

AU - Daoud, Farah

AU - Colombara, Danny

AU - Graetz, Nicholas

AU - Kutz, Michael

AU - Wang, Haidong

AU - Abd-Allah, Foad

AU - Abu-Raddad, Laith J.

AU - Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar

AU - Beshir Ahmed, Muktar

AU - Alam, Khurshid

AU - Alghnam, Suliman

AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza

AU - Al-Raddadi, Rajaa

AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.

AU - Anber, Nahla

AU - Anwari, Palwasha

AU - Avila-Burgos, Leticia

AU - Awasthi, Ashish

AU - Barac, Aleksandra

AU - Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.

AU - Bedi, Neeraj

AU - Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.

AU - Borschmann, Rohan

AU - Boufous, Soufiane

AU - Butt, Zahid A.

AU - Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A.

AU - Dalal, Koustuv

AU - Danawi, Hadi

AU - De Leo, Diego

AU - Dharmaratne, Samath D.

AU - Djalalinia, Shirin

AU - Doyle, Kerrie E.

AU - Esteghamati, Alireza

AU - Faro, André

AU - Farvid, Maryam S.

AU - Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad

AU - Fischer, Florian

AU - Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye

AU - Gutiérrez, Reyna A.

AU - Dina, Karen Margaret-Tabb

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Objectives: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. Methods: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries. Results: In 2015, 28,695 individuals (95% UI: 25,474–37,832) died from self-harm, 35,626 (95% UI: 20,947–41,857) from interpersonal violence, and 143,858 (95% UI: 63,554–223,092) from collective violence and legal interventions. In 2015, collective violence and legal intervention was the fifth-leading cause of DALYs in the EMR and the leading cause in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; they account for 49.7% of total DALYs in Syria. Conclusions: Our findings call for increased efforts to stabilize the region and assist in rebuilding the health systems, as well as increasing transparency and employing preventive strategies to reduce self-harm and interpersonal injuries.

AB - Objectives: We used GBD 2015 findings to measure the burden of intentional injuries in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2015. Methods: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study defines intentional injuries as a combination of self-harm (including suicide), interpersonal violence, collective violence (war), and legal intervention. We estimated number of deaths, years of life lost (YLLs), years lived with disability (YLDs), and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for each type of intentional injuries. Results: In 2015, 28,695 individuals (95% UI: 25,474–37,832) died from self-harm, 35,626 (95% UI: 20,947–41,857) from interpersonal violence, and 143,858 (95% UI: 63,554–223,092) from collective violence and legal interventions. In 2015, collective violence and legal intervention was the fifth-leading cause of DALYs in the EMR and the leading cause in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libya; they account for 49.7% of total DALYs in Syria. Conclusions: Our findings call for increased efforts to stabilize the region and assist in rebuilding the health systems, as well as increasing transparency and employing preventive strategies to reduce self-harm and interpersonal injuries.

KW - Burden of disease

KW - Eastern mediterranean region

KW - Intentional injuries

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