Intellectual Disabilities

M. M. Griffin, Meghan Maureen Burke, R. M. Hodapp

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Individuals with intellectual disabilities have unique and varied behavioral issues and consequent needs. The definition of an intellectual disability is three-pronged: having subaverage intelligence and impaired adaptive behavior, both of which manifest before the age of 18. Different types of intellectual disabilities exist; certain genetic conditions, such as Williams syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and Down syndrome, are associated with certain behavioral characteristics and outcomes. In addition to having an intellectual disability, many of these individuals have additional diagnoses of mental health disorders. Due to deficits related to their intellectual disabilities, these individuals may need academic, social/adaptive, and mental health interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Human Behavior
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages444-451
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780123750006
ISBN (Print)9780080961804
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adaptive behavior
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Down syndrome
  • Dual diagnosis
  • Inclusive education
  • Intellectual disability
  • Prader-Willi syndrome
  • Universal design
  • Williams syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Intellectual Disabilities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Griffin, M. M., Burke, M. M., & Hodapp, R. M. (2012). Intellectual Disabilities. In Encyclopedia of Human Behavior: Second Edition (pp. 444-451). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375000-6.00232-9