Integrating multi-level values and pro-environmental behavior in a U.S. protected area

Carena van Riper, Sophia Winkler-Schor, Lorraine Foelske, Rose Keller, Michael Braito, Christopher Raymond, Max Eriksson, Elizabeth Golebie, Dana Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Human behavior is influenced by an array of psychological processes such as environmental values. Despite the importance of understanding the reasons why people engage in activities that minimize environmental degradation, empirical research rarely integrates different types of values simultaneously to provide more complete and multi-faceted insights on how values contribute to environmental sustainability. Drawing from on-site survey data collected in Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska (n = 641), we used two-step structural equation modeling to test how variation in behavioral patterns was explained by the cultural, individual, and social values of visitors to a national park. We fused various disciplinary perspectives on the value concept to demonstrate how individual- and group-level dynamics were integral for predicting behavior and better understanding aggregated preferences for environmental conditions in the context of a U.S. protected area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1395-1408
Number of pages14
JournalSustainability Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2 2019


  • Eudaimonia
  • Hedonia
  • Pro-environmental behavior
  • Protected areas
  • Sustainability
  • Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Health(social science)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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