Integrated planning of tourism investment and transportation network design

Yun Bai, Xiaofeng Kou, Shi An, Yanfeng Ouyang, Jian Wang, Xiaoying Zhu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The development of a viable and sustainable tourism industry requires wise strategic planning of investments in tourism sites and the supporting transportation infrastructure. In view of the interactive relationship between transportation and the tourism industry, this paper proposes an integrated modeling framework to address tourism planning and transportation network design simultaneously. A bilevel optimization model was proposed to decide the optimal locations for tourism investment and highway capacity expansion. The upper-level problem minimized the total system cost while the lower-level model determined user equilibrium flow of tourist and nontourist road users under traffic congestion. A customized solution approach based on relaxation, reformulation, and approximation was developed. The proposed methodology was applied to an empirical case study for Heilongjiang Province, China, to show implications of the optimal strategies for tourism planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Record
PublisherNational Research Council
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780309295611
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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