Integrated photonics for NASA applications

Michael Krainak, Mark Stephen, Elisavet Troupaki, Sarah Tedder, Baraquiel Reyna, Jonathan Klamkin, Hongwei Zhao, Bowen Song, Joseph Fridlander, Minh Tran, John E. Bowers, Keren Bergman, Mich Lipson, Anthony Rizzo, Ipshita Datta, Nathan Abrams, Shayan Mookherjea, Seng Tiong Ho, Qiang Bei, Yingyan HuangYongming Tu, Behzad Moslehi, James Harris, Andrey Matsko, Anatoliy Savchenkov, Guangyao Liu, Roberto Proietti, S. J.B. Yoo, Leif Johansson, Christophe Dorrer, Francisco R. Arteaga-Sierra, Jie Qiao, Songbin Gong, Tingyi Gu, Osgar John Ohanian, Xingjie Ni, Yimin Ding, Yao Duan, Hamed Dir, Ray T. Chen, Volker J. Sorger, Tin Komljenovic

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

NASA is working with US industry and academia to develop Photonic Integrated Circuits (PICs) for: (1) Sensors (2) Anog RF applications (3) Computing and free space communications. The PICs provide reduced size, weight, and power that is critic for space-based systems. We describe recent breakthrough 3D monolithic integration of photonic structures, particularly high-speed graphene-silicon devices on CMOS electronics to create CMOS-compatible highbandwidth transceivers for ultra-low power Terabit-sce optic communications. An integrated graphene electro-optic modulator has been demonstrated with a bandwidth of 30 GHz. Graphene microring modulators are especily attractive for dense wavelength division multiplexed (DWDM) systems. For space-based optic communication and ranging we have demonstrated generating a variable number of channels from a single laser using breadboard components, using a single-sideband carrier-suppressed (SSBCS) modulator driven by an externly-supplied RF tone (arbitrary RF frequency), a tunable optic bandpass filter, and an optic amplifier which are placed in a loop. We developed a Return-to-Zero (RZ) Differenti Phase Shift Keying (DPSK) laser transmitter PIC using an InP technology platform that includes a tunable laser, a Semiconductor Optic Amplifier (SOA), high-speed Mach-Zehnder Modulator (MZM), and an electroabsorption (EAM) modulator. A Silicon Nitride (SiN) platform integrated photonic circuit suitable for a spectrly pure chip-sce tunable opto-electronic RF oscillator (OEO) that can operate as a flywheel in high precision optic clock modules, as well as radio astronomy, spectros and loc oscillator in radar and communications systems is needed. We have demonstrated a low noise optic frequency combs generation from a sml OEO prototypes containing very low loss (sim;1 dB) waveguide couplers of various shapes and sizes integrated with an ultrahigh-Q MgF2 resonators. An innovative miniaturized lab-on-A-chip device is being developed to directly monitor astronaut heth during missions usingsim;3 drops of body fluid sample like blood, urine, and potentily other body fluids like siva, sweat or tears. The first-generation system comprises a miniaturized biosensor based on PICs (including Vertic Cavity Surface Emitting Laser-VCSEL, photodetector and optic filters and biochemic assay that generates a fluorescent optic sign change in response to the target anyte.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComponents and Packaging for Laser Systems V
EditorsAlexei L. Glebov, Paul O. Leisher
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510624405
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
EventComponents and Packaging for Laser Systems V 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 4 2019Feb 6 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10899
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceComponents and Packaging for Laser Systems V 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period2/4/192/6/19

Keywords

  • Acronyms
  • Image area
  • References
  • Times Roman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Krainak, M., Stephen, M., Troupaki, E., Tedder, S., Reyna, B., Klamkin, J., Zhao, H., Song, B., Fridlander, J., Tran, M., Bowers, J. E., Bergman, K., Lipson, M., Rizzo, A., Datta, I., Abrams, N., Mookherjea, S., Ho, S. T., Bei, Q., ... Komljenovic, T. (2019). Integrated photonics for NASA applications. In A. L. Glebov, & P. O. Leisher (Eds.), Components and Packaging for Laser Systems V [108990F] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10899). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2509808