This chapter revisits the notion of radical planning, which in the last two decades has placed major emphasis on inclusion and participation. It highlights the hegemonic drive of neoliberal capitalism to stabilize state-citizen relations by implicating civil society in governance, and it stresses the importance to radical planning of the contested terrains of inclusion and dominance. The first section of the chapter interrogates the role of citizen participation in neoliberal governance. The second section on South Africa's Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign examines how the insurgent citizenship practices move across both invited and invented spaces of action. The relation between neoliberal inclusion and insurgent citizenship and the concrete implications of grassroots insurgency for radical planning practice and pedagogy in the neoliberal era are explored in the third section. Finally, the chapter identifies important insights drawn from the anti-colonial struggles of the South.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReadings in Planning Theory
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781119084679
ISBN (Print)9781119045069
StatePublished - Jan 5 2016


  • Citizen participation
  • Insurgent citizenship
  • Insurgent planning
  • Neoliberal governance
  • Neoliberal inclusion
  • Radical planning
  • South Africa
  • Western Cape Anti-Eviction Campaign

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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