Insulating nanomagnets driven by spin torque

Matthias B. Jungfleisch, Junjia Ding, Wei Zhang, Wanjun Jiang, John E. Pearson, Valentine Novosad, Axel Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Magnetic insulators, such as yttrium iron garnet (Y3Fe5O12), are ideal materials for ultralow power spintronics applications due to their low energy dissipation and efficient spin current generation and transmission. Recently, it has been realized that spin dynamics can be driven very effectively in micrometer-sized Y3Fe5O12/Pt heterostructures by spin-Hall effects. We demonstrate here the excitation and detection of spin dynamics in Y3Fe5O12/Pt nanowires by spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance. The nanowires defined via electron- beam lithography are fabricated by conventional room temperature sputtering deposition on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates and liftoff. We observe field-like and antidamping-like torques acting on the magnetization precession, which are due to simultaneous excitation by Oersted fields and spin-Hall torques. The Y3Fe5O12/Pt nanowires are thoroughly examined over a wide frequency and power range. We observe a large change in the resonance field at high microwave powers, which is attributed to a decreasing effective magnetization due to microwave absorption. These heating effects are much more pronounced in the investigated nanostructures than in comparable micron-sized samples. By comparing different nanowire widths, the importance of geometrical confinements for magnetization dynamics becomes evident: quantized spin-wave modes across the width of the wires are observed in the spectra. Our results are the first stepping stones toward the realization of integrated magnonic logic devices based on insulators, where nanomagnets play an essential role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 11 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Magnetization dynamics
  • Platinum
  • Spin-Hall effect
  • Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance
  • Spin-transfer torque
  • Yttrium iron garnet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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