Instantaneous Loss Integration Method to Estimate AC Losses in Superconductors With Spatial and Time Harmonics

Thanatheepan Balachandran, Kiruba S. Haran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estimating AC loss is an essential step in designing fully superconducting (SC) machines, which typically involves using analytical and Finite Element Analysis (FEA) models. Established analytical models are available for stationary sinusoidal and uniform rotating fields. But, the fully SC armature winding experiences a non-uniform rotating magnetic field that can result in varying losses. In this paper, we propose extended analytical methods to estimate AC losses in non-uniform rotating magnetic fields. Our proposed methods can refine the AC loss estimation process and improve the subsequent cryogenic load design. The significant advantage of our proposed method is the ability to capture the impact of AC losses due to varying field magnitude within a single cycle. We estimate losses for various scenarios and compare them to FEA analysis results to verify the accuracy of our model. We then experimentally validate the FEA models used in the analysis for uniformly rotating fields, which establishes the feasibility of our proposed models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5900907
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 1 2023


  • Ac loss
  • Analytical models
  • analytical models
  • Atmospheric modeling
  • Conductors
  • finite element analysis
  • Harmonic analysis
  • harmonics
  • Magnetic fields
  • Mathematical models
  • power law
  • SC machines
  • superconducting
  • Windings
  • Superconducting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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