Sulfur and fluorine can participate in a variety of bonding motifs, lending significant diversity to their chemistry. Prior work has identified three distinct minima for disulfur tetrafluoride (S2F4) compounds: two FSSF3 isomers and one SSF4 species. We used a combination of sophisticated explicitly correlated coupled cluster calculations and generalized valence bond (GVB) theory to characterize the electronic structure of these species as well as additional stationary points on the potential energy surface with F2SSF2 connectivity. On the singlet surface, the two stationary points considered in this work with an F2SSF2 structure are first- or second-order saddle points and not minima. However, on the triplet surface, we discovered a novel C2 symmetric F2SSF2 minimum that was anticipated from the structure of an excited state (3B1) of SF2. Analysis using the GVB wave function in conjunction with the recoupled pair bonding model developed by our group provides a straightforward explanation of the bonding in all of the S2F4 structures considered here. In addition, the model predicted the existence of the F2SSF2(3B) minimum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry