Initial development of thermal and stress fields in continuously cast steel billets

J. E. Kelly, K. P. Michalek, T. G. O'Connor, B. G. Thomas, J. A. Dantzig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A mathematical model has been developed to compute the thermomechanical state of the shell of continuously cast steels in a round billet casting mold. The model determines the temperature distributions, the stresses in and the gap between the casting mold and the solidifying strand. The effect of variations in steel carbon content and mold taper on the thermal, displacement, and stress fields are examined. Comparisons with available experimental observations verify the predictions of the model. The model demonstrates that the thermal shrinkage associated with the phase change from delta-ferrite to austenite in 0.1 pct C steel accounts for the decreased heat transfer observed as well as its susceptibility to cracking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2589-2602
Number of pages14
JournalMetallurgical transactions. A, Physical metallurgy and materials science
Volume19 A
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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