Mercury re-emission, because of the reduction of Hg2+ to form Hg0 by sulfite, has become a great concern in the desulfurization process. Lowering the concentrations of Hg2+ and sulfite in the desulfurization slurry can retard the Hg0 formation and, thus, mitigate mercury re-emission. To that end, cobalt-based carbon nanotubes (Co-CNTs) were developed for the simultaneous Hg2+ removal and sulfite oxidation in this work. Furthermore, the thermodynamics and kinetics of the Hg2+ adsorption and effect of Hg2+ adsorption on catalytic activity of Co-CNTs were investigated. Experimental results revealed that the Co-CNTs not only accelerated sulfite oxidation to enable the recovery of desulfurization by-products but also acted as an effective adsorbent of Hg2+ removal. The Hg2+ adsorption rate mainly depended on the structure of the adsorption material regardless of the cobalt loading and morphological distribution. The catalytic activity of the Co-CNTs for sulfite oxidation was not significantly affected due to the Hg2+ adsorption. Additionally, the isothermal adsorption behavior was well-fitted to the Langmuir model with an adsorption capacity of 166.7 mg/g. The mercury mass balance analysis revealed that the Hg0 re-emission was decreased by 156% by adding 2.0 g/L of Co-CNTs. These results can be used as a reference for the simultaneous removal of multiple pollutants in the wet-desulfurization process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry