ING3 is associated with increased cell invasion and lethal outcome in ERG-negative prostate cancer patients

Amal Almami, Samar A. Hegazy, Arash Nabbi, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Asma Salman, Hatem Abou-Ouf, Karl Riabowol, Tarek A. Bismar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The inhibitor of growth family member 3 (ING3) is a member of the ING tumor suppressor family. Although its expression has been reported in various types of cancers, the role of ING3 and its prognostic value in prostate cancer (PCa) has not been investigated. ING3 expression and prognostic value was assessed in a cohort of PCa patients (n = 312) treated with transurethral resection of prostate using immumoflourescent automated quantitative analysis (AQUA) system. In vitro studies were carried out in conjunction to investigate its expression in various PCa cell lines. ING3 knockdown was also carried out in DU145 cell lines to assess for any changes in invasion and migration. ING3 expression was highest in benign prostate tissues (mean 3.2 ± 0.54) compared to PCa (mean 2.5 ± 0.26) (p = 0.437), advanced prostate cancer (AdvPCa) (mean 1.5 ± 0.32) (p = 0.004), and castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) (mean 2.28 ± 0.32) (p = 0.285). ING3 expression was inversely correlated to Gleason score (p = 0.039) and ETS-related gene (ERG) expression (p = 0.019). Higher ING3 expression was marginally associated with lethal disease (p = 0.052), and this was more pronounced in patients with ERG-negative status (p = 0.018). Inhibition of ING3 in DU145 PCa cells using small interfering RNA (siRNA) was associated with decreased cell invasion (p = 0.0016) and cell migration compared to control cells. ING3 is significantly associated with PCa disease progression and cancer-specific mortality. To our knowledge, this is the first report suggesting an oncogenic function of ING3, previously well known as a tumor suppressor protein. Further studies should investigate potential-related pathways in association to ING3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9731-9738
Number of pages8
JournalTumor Biology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • ING3
  • Invasion
  • Metastasis
  • Oncogene
  • Progression
  • Prostate cancer
  • Tumor suppressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research


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