Infrared-Visible Sum Frequency Generation Investigation of Cu Corrosion Inhibition with Benzotriazole

Zachary D. Schultz, Mary Ellen Biggin, Jeffrey O. White, Andrew A Gewirth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Infrared-visible sum frequency generation spectroscopy is used to investigate the corrosion inhibitor benzotriazole (BTAH) adsorbed on Cu(100) and Cu(111) in acidic solution. Potential-dependent in situ spectra indicate that the adsorbed molecule is the benzotriazole anion (BTA-) at all potentials investigated. The Cu(100) surface is shown to form an ordered adlayer at all potentials probed, while the Cu(111) face is shown to be disordered at negative potentials, but to order with applied positive potential. The ordered adlayer is shown to consist of the BTA- in two configurations, one coordinated to the surface and Cu+ ions in solution and the other coordinated only to the surface. The BTA- coordinated to Cu + is shown to be more stable with respect to Cl- addition than BTA-coordinated to only the surface. This study demonstrates the viability of using sum frequency generation to study corrosion inhibition in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-609
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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