Influences of supplemental fat, differing in fatty-acid composition, on performance, plasma fatty-acid content, and reproduction of developing beef heifers

Daniel William Shike, F. A. Ireland, D. B. Faulkner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Angus × Simmental, fall-born heifers (n = 120, yr 1, and n = 160, yr 2) were used to determine the effects of supplemental fat, differing in fatty-acid composition, on performance, plasma fatty-acid content, and reproduction of developing beef heifers. At 7 mo of age, heifers were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 supplements containing whole raw soybeans (SY); corn, soybean meal, and OmegaFlax (FLX); corn, soybean meal, and Energy Booster 100 (EB); or corn- soybean meal (CON). The SY, FLX, and EB supplements (FT) were formulated to have the same level of crude fat. The SY-supplemented heifers gained less (P = 0.04) BW than did FLX-supplemented heifers. The FT-supplemented heifers tended (P = 0.06) to gain more BW than did the heifers fed the CON supplement. The SY-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:2n-6 cis than did FLX- or EB-supplemented heifers. The FLX-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:3n-3. +. n-6 than did the SY-supplemented heifers. There were no differences in percentage of pubertal heifers at 10, 12, or 14 mo of age. The heifers fed the CON supplement tended (P = 0.09) to have higher overall pregnancy rates than did the FT-supplemented heifers. Feeding soybeans to developing heifers increased plasma linoleic acid but did not affect reproductive performance compared with other fat sources. Although fat supplementation tended to improve heifer BW gains, it tended to result in poorer overall pregnancy rates compared with the control supplement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)580-586
Number of pages7
JournalProfessional Animal Scientist
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Fingerprint

Soybeans
beef cattle
Reproduction
heifers
Fatty Acids
fatty acid composition
Fats
lipids
Zea mays
Meals
soybeans
Pregnancy Rate
soybean meal
feed supplements
pregnancy rate
Linoleic Acid
corn
energy
Simmental
Angus

Keywords

  • Beef heifer
  • Fat supplementation
  • Polyunsaturated fat
  • Reproduction
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "Influences of supplemental fat, differing in fatty-acid composition, on performance, plasma fatty-acid content, and reproduction of developing beef heifers",
abstract = "Angus × Simmental, fall-born heifers (n = 120, yr 1, and n = 160, yr 2) were used to determine the effects of supplemental fat, differing in fatty-acid composition, on performance, plasma fatty-acid content, and reproduction of developing beef heifers. At 7 mo of age, heifers were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 supplements containing whole raw soybeans (SY); corn, soybean meal, and OmegaFlax (FLX); corn, soybean meal, and Energy Booster 100 (EB); or corn- soybean meal (CON). The SY, FLX, and EB supplements (FT) were formulated to have the same level of crude fat. The SY-supplemented heifers gained less (P = 0.04) BW than did FLX-supplemented heifers. The FT-supplemented heifers tended (P = 0.06) to gain more BW than did the heifers fed the CON supplement. The SY-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:2n-6 cis than did FLX- or EB-supplemented heifers. The FLX-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:3n-3. +. n-6 than did the SY-supplemented heifers. There were no differences in percentage of pubertal heifers at 10, 12, or 14 mo of age. The heifers fed the CON supplement tended (P = 0.09) to have higher overall pregnancy rates than did the FT-supplemented heifers. Feeding soybeans to developing heifers increased plasma linoleic acid but did not affect reproductive performance compared with other fat sources. Although fat supplementation tended to improve heifer BW gains, it tended to result in poorer overall pregnancy rates compared with the control supplement.",
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N2 - Angus × Simmental, fall-born heifers (n = 120, yr 1, and n = 160, yr 2) were used to determine the effects of supplemental fat, differing in fatty-acid composition, on performance, plasma fatty-acid content, and reproduction of developing beef heifers. At 7 mo of age, heifers were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 supplements containing whole raw soybeans (SY); corn, soybean meal, and OmegaFlax (FLX); corn, soybean meal, and Energy Booster 100 (EB); or corn- soybean meal (CON). The SY, FLX, and EB supplements (FT) were formulated to have the same level of crude fat. The SY-supplemented heifers gained less (P = 0.04) BW than did FLX-supplemented heifers. The FT-supplemented heifers tended (P = 0.06) to gain more BW than did the heifers fed the CON supplement. The SY-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:2n-6 cis than did FLX- or EB-supplemented heifers. The FLX-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:3n-3. +. n-6 than did the SY-supplemented heifers. There were no differences in percentage of pubertal heifers at 10, 12, or 14 mo of age. The heifers fed the CON supplement tended (P = 0.09) to have higher overall pregnancy rates than did the FT-supplemented heifers. Feeding soybeans to developing heifers increased plasma linoleic acid but did not affect reproductive performance compared with other fat sources. Although fat supplementation tended to improve heifer BW gains, it tended to result in poorer overall pregnancy rates compared with the control supplement.

AB - Angus × Simmental, fall-born heifers (n = 120, yr 1, and n = 160, yr 2) were used to determine the effects of supplemental fat, differing in fatty-acid composition, on performance, plasma fatty-acid content, and reproduction of developing beef heifers. At 7 mo of age, heifers were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 supplements containing whole raw soybeans (SY); corn, soybean meal, and OmegaFlax (FLX); corn, soybean meal, and Energy Booster 100 (EB); or corn- soybean meal (CON). The SY, FLX, and EB supplements (FT) were formulated to have the same level of crude fat. The SY-supplemented heifers gained less (P = 0.04) BW than did FLX-supplemented heifers. The FT-supplemented heifers tended (P = 0.06) to gain more BW than did the heifers fed the CON supplement. The SY-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:2n-6 cis than did FLX- or EB-supplemented heifers. The FLX-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.001) humeral concentration of 18:3n-3. +. n-6 than did the SY-supplemented heifers. There were no differences in percentage of pubertal heifers at 10, 12, or 14 mo of age. The heifers fed the CON supplement tended (P = 0.09) to have higher overall pregnancy rates than did the FT-supplemented heifers. Feeding soybeans to developing heifers increased plasma linoleic acid but did not affect reproductive performance compared with other fat sources. Although fat supplementation tended to improve heifer BW gains, it tended to result in poorer overall pregnancy rates compared with the control supplement.

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