Influence of transient flooding on methane fluxes from subtropical pastures

Samuel D. Chamberlain, Nuria Gomez-Casanovas, M. Todd Walter, Elizabeth H. Boughton, Carl J. Bernacchi, Evan H. Delucia, Peter M. Groffman, Earl W. Keel, Jed P. Sparks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seasonally flooded subtropical pastures are major methane (CH4) sources, where transient flooding drives episodic and high-magnitude emissions from the underlying landscape. Understanding the mechanisms that drive these patterns is needed to better understand pasture CH4 emissions and their response to global change. We investigated belowground CH4 dynamics in relation to surface fluxes using laboratory water table manipulations and compared these results to field-based eddy covariance measurements to link within-soil CH4 dynamics to ecosystem fluxes. Ecosystem CH4 fluxes lag flooding events, and this dynamic was replicated in laboratory experiments. In both cases, peak emissions were observed during water table recession. Flooding of surface organic soils and precipitation driven oxygen pulses best explained the observed time lags. Precipitation oxygen pulses likely delay CH4 emissions until groundwater dissolved oxygen is consumed, and emissions were temporally linked to CH4 production in surface soil horizons. Methane accumulating in deep soils did not contribute to surface fluxes and is likely oxidized within the soil profile. Methane production rates in surface organic soils were also orders of magnitude higher than in deep mineral soils, suggesting that over longer flooding regimes CH4 produced in deep horizons is not a significant component of surface emissions. Our results demonstrate that distinct CH4 dynamics may be stratified by depth and flooding of surface organic soils drives CH4 fluxes from subtropical pastures. These results suggest that small changes in pasture water table dynamics can drive large changes in CH4 emissions if surface soils remain saturated over longer time scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)965-977
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences
Volume121
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • eddy covariance
  • mesocosm
  • methane
  • pastureland
  • precipitation
  • subtropical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of transient flooding on methane fluxes from subtropical pastures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Chamberlain, S. D., Gomez-Casanovas, N., Walter, M. T., Boughton, E. H., Bernacchi, C. J., Delucia, E. H., Groffman, P. M., Keel, E. W., & Sparks, J. P. (2016). Influence of transient flooding on methane fluxes from subtropical pastures. Journal of Geophysical Research G: Biogeosciences, 121(3), 965-977. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JG003283