Influence of Solvent Quality and Thermal Fluctuations on Polymer-Mediated Depletion Interactions

Avik P. Chatterjee, Kenneth S Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Analytic integral equation theory for treating athermal mixtures of hard spheres and polymers is extended to study thermal interaction and solvent quality effects in suspensions of infinitely dilute spherical particles in dilute and semidilute polymer solutions. Our approach applies to all sphere/ polymer size ratios, and polymer-polymer segmental attractive interactions are included using both liquid state and Flory-Huggins theory. The effect of such thermal interactions on the polymer-induced depletion potential between hard spheres is studied with emphasis on the sphere-sphere second virial coefficient and the free energy of particle insertion. Strong enhancement of the purely entropic attractive depletion interaction is found in the proximity of the polymer-solvent critical demixing point. The magnitude of this effect and the distance from the Θ temperature where it becomes important are sensitive to system-specific factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-934
Number of pages12
JournalMacromolecules
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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