Influence of mix design parameters on asphalt concrete aging rate using I-FIT specimens

Zehui Zhu, Punit Singhvi, Arturo Francisco Espinoza-Luque, Hasan Ozer, Imad L. Al-Qadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aging is considered an important factor contributing to the deterioration of asphalt concrete (AC) pavements. As a result of aging, the resistance of AC pavements to various forms of cracking including fatigue, thermal, or block is reduced. Therefore, it is critical to understand the effect of aging on AC pavement cracking development and identify the effect of AC mix design parameters on the aging rate. A wide range of AC surface mixes was investigated in this study using the Illinois Flexibility Index Test (I-FIT) after the specimens were subjected to various lab-simulated aging conditions. The flexibility index (FI), an I-FIT outcome parameter, decreases consistently after long-term aging. This effect is primarily due to changes in the post-peak slope, which represents crack growth rate. The effect of mix design parameters on FI deduction rate (or aging rate) was analyzed using statistical methods. Single and multiple linear regression techniques were implemented to identify the significant of AC mix design parameters on the aging rate. The effect of voids in mineral aggregate (VMA), low-temperature true grade, asphalt binder replacement (ABR), mix type, and effective asphalt content was found to be significant. The increase of ABR, effective asphalt content, and VMA, and/or a decrease of low-temperature true grade induce a decrease in the aging rate of AC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-187
Number of pages7
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Mar 10 2019


  • Aging kinetics
  • Aging rate
  • Asphalt concrete
  • Flexibility index
  • Linear regression
  • Long-term aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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