Influence of feeding a fish oil-containing diet to young, lean, adult dogs: effects on lipid metabolites, postprandial glycaemia and body weight

Maria R.C. de Godoy, Charlotte E. Conway, Kyle R. Mcleod, David L. Harmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of feeding a fish oil (FO)-containing diet on lipid and protein metabolism, postprandial glycaemia and body weight in young, lean, adult dogs. Eight female Beagles were randomly assigned to one of two isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets, Control or FO, in a crossover design. At the beginning of the experiment and at 30 and 60 d, a baseline blood sample was collected and the dogs then were fed their daily ration. Nitrogen balance began at 07:00 h on day 63 of each experimental period and ended at 07:00 h on day 69. On day 66 of each period, a single dose (7.5 mg/kg) of 15N-glycine was administered orally to each dog via gelatin capsule. Postprandial glycaemia did not differ between treatments or among sampling days within treatment. Cholesterol concentration was increased (p < 0.05) on the Control treatment throughout the experiment when compared to values of day 0. Dogs fed the FO treatment had higher plasma triglyceride and ghrelin concentrations than those fed the Control treatment. Body weight and food intake did not differ between dietary treatments. Faecal excretion was increased (p < 0.05) in the FO treatment. Dry matter digestibility was decreased (p < 0.05) and fat digestibility tended (p < 0.10) to decrease in the FO treatment. Overall, feeding a FO-containing diet showed a protective effect against the rise of plasma cholesterol and it increased plasma ghrelin concentration. However, FO supplementation did not appear to affect protein metabolism or postprandial glycaemia in adult lean dogs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-514
Number of pages16
JournalArchives of Animal Nutrition
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2015

Keywords

  • dogs
  • fish oil
  • glycaemic response
  • lipid metabolites
  • polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • protein metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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