Influence of dietary electrolyte balance, energy, and amino acid supplementation on the monensin response in chicks fed diets varying in protein content.

C. M. Parsons, M. S. Edmonds, D. H. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of several dietary factors on the anorexigenic response to monensin in chicks fed corn-soybean meal diets varying in crude protein (CP) were investigated. In Trial 1, crossbred chicks (New Hampshire X Columbia) were fed a 16% CP diet with or without 160 mg/kg monensin and/or .53% potassium carbonate in a 2 X 2 factorial design. Monensin supplementation caused a 24.5% growth depression, and potassium carbonate had no effect on the monensin-induced depression. Trials 2 and 3 were designed to evaluate the effects of dietary energy level on the monensin response in commercial broiler chicks fed diets containing 24, 20, or 16% CP. As CP level was decreased, the depression in performance from 121 mg/kg monensin increased. Increasing the energy concentration of the 24 and 20% CP diets to that of the 16% CP diet had no consistent effect on the response of chicks to monensin. Trial 4 was conducted to determine the influence of amino acid (AA) supplementation on the monensin response in broiler chicks fed a low-protein diet. Supplementation of a 16% CP diet with an AA mixture (3% glutamic acid plus essential AA equal to the 24% CP diet) improved growth performance markedly. Deletion of methionine, arginine, and lysine from the AA mixture yielded performance well below that of chicks fed the unsupplemented 16% CP diet, indicating a severe AA imbalance. Monensin supplementation at 121 mg/kg caused a much greater growth depression in chicks fed 16% CP or 16% CP plus the complete AA mixture than in those fed 24% CP or the AA-imbalanced 16% protein diet.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2438-2443
Number of pages6
JournalPoultry science
Volume63
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of dietary electrolyte balance, energy, and amino acid supplementation on the monensin response in chicks fed diets varying in protein content.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this