Influence of Calcium Sulfoaluminate (CSA) Cement Content on Expansion and Hydration Behavior of Various Ordinary Portland Cement-CSA Blends

Piyush Chaunsali, Paramita Mondal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cements have lower carbon footprint than that of portland cement, which makes them a suitable alternative as a sustainable cementitious binder. Early-age expansion of CSA cements can be exploited to induce compressive stress in restrained concrete which can later counteract tensile stress developed during drying shrinkage, thus enhancing the resistance against shrinkage cracking. However, a proper understanding of the expansion behavior is critical to eliminate any risk related to expansion-induced cracking. This study examines the expansion and hydration characteristics of various ordinary portland cement (OPC)-CSA blends. Early-age expansion of paste samples was monitored. The increase in CSA cement content increased the extent of expansion. Samples having the highest CSA content (30% by mass) exhibited excessive expansion which led to their cracking. Quantitative X-ray diffraction, pore solution extraction, porosity, tensile strength, and dynamic modulus tests were performed to monitor the physico-chemical changes in OPC-CSA blends. It was shown that the ettringite supersaturation in the investigated systems gave rise to the crystallization stress, responsible for the expansion. Thermodynamic models enabled a reasonable prediction of tensile failure, particularly in the blends with the higher CSA content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2617-2624
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume98
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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