Low-cost chemical engineering of two-dimensional layered hybrid halide perovskite structures allows for the design of hybrid semiconductor quantum wells with tailored room-temperature excitonic optical absorption, emission, and charge carrier transport properties. Here density functional theory and the Bethe-Salpeter equation are used to predict the electronic structure and optical response of layered perovskites with two representative single-ring conjugated organic spacers, ammonium-propyl-imidazole (API) and 2-phenethylammonium (PEA). The inorganic perovskite quantum well properties are further tuned by analyzing the effect of halogen (X = I, Br, Cl) substitution. We found that visible light absorption occurs primarily within the perovskite layer and that UV light absorption induces partial electron-hole separation between layers. In addition, a strong exciton binding energy and influence on absorption spectrum is found by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation. Our results suggest that further engineering is necessary beyond the single-ring limit, by introducing more conjugated rings and/or heavier nuclei into the organic spacer. This is a promising future direction to achieve photoinduced charge separation and more generally hybrid heterostructures with attractive optoelectronic properties.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)