We present a novel 3D adaptive observer framework for use in the determination of subsurface organic tissue temperatures in electrosurgery. The observer structure leverages pointwise 2D surface temperature readings obtained from a real-time infrared thermographer for both parameter estimation and temperature field observation. We introduce a novel approach to decoupled parameter adaptation and estimation, wherein the parameter estimation can run in real-time, while the observer loop runs on a slower time scale. To achieve this, we introduce a novel parameter estimation method known as attention-based noise-robust averaging, in which surface thermography time series are used to directly estimate the tissue's diffusivity. Our observer contains a real-time parameter adaptation component based on this diffusivity adaptation law, as well as a Luenberger-type corrector based on the sensed surface temperature. In this work, we also present a novel model structure adapted to the setting of robotic surgery, wherein we model the electrosurgical heat distribution as a compactly supported magnitude- and velocity-controlled heat source involving a new nonlinear input mapping. We demonstrate satisfactory performance of the adaptive observer in simulation, using real-life experimental ex vivo porcine tissue data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 IEEE 61st Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781665467612
StatePublished - 2022
Event61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022 - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: Dec 6 2022Dec 9 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control
ISSN (Print)0743-1546
ISSN (Electronic)2576-2370


Conference61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Control and Optimization


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