Infectious cDNA clones of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and their potential as vaccine vectors

Dongwan Yoo, Siao Kun W. Welch, Changhee Lee, Jay G. Calvert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Full-length infectious cDNA clones have recently become available for both European and North American genotypes of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), and it is now possible to alter the PRRSV genome and create genetically defined mutant viruses. Among many possible applications of the PRRSV infectious cDNA clones, development of genetically modified vaccines is of particular interest. Using infectious clones, the PRRSV genome has been manipulated by changing individual amino acids, deleting coding regions, inserting foreign sequences, and generating arterivirus chimeras. The limited available data suggest that all structural proteins of PRRSV are essential for replication of the virus, and that PRRSV infectivity is relatively intolerant of subtle changes within the structural proteins. The major tasks in PRRSV research are to identify virulence factors and pathogenic mechanisms, and to understand the structure-function relationships of individual viral proteins. Utilizing these infectious clones as tools, a new generation of safe and efficacious PRRS vaccines may be constructed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-154
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume102
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 2004

Keywords

  • Arterivirus
  • Infectious clone
  • PRRSV
  • Reverse genetics
  • Vaccine vector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)

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