Infants learn phonotactic regularities from brief auditory experience

Kyle E. Chambers, Kristine H. Onishi, Cynthia Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two experiments investigated whether novel phonotactic regularities, not present in English, could be acquired by 16.5-month-old infants from brief auditory experience. Subjects listened to consonant-vowel-consonant syllables in which particular consonants were artificially restricted to either initial or final position (e.g. /bæp/ not /pæb/). In a later head-turn preference test, infants listened longer to new syllables that violated the experimental phonotactic constraints than to new syllables that honored them. Thus, infants rapidly learned phonotactic regularities from brief auditory experience and extended them to unstudied syllables, documenting the sensitivity of the infant's language processing system to abstractions over linguistic experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)B69-B77
JournalCognition
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003

Keywords

  • Infants
  • Language acquisition
  • Phonotactic learning
  • Speech perception
  • Statistical learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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