Induction of sperm maturation in vitro in epididymal cell cultures of the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii): Disruption of motility initiation and sperm morphogenesis by inhibition of actin polymerization

M. Lin, R. Hess, R. J. Aitken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A sperm-epididymal cell co-culture was shown to be capable of inducing the in vitro maturation of spermatozoa from a marsupial species, the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii). This system was able to maintain wallaby epididymal epithelial cells in vitro for more than 2 months. The system also enabled immature wallaby spermatozoa to differentiate from a T-shaped to a streamlined form, accompanied by the development of progressive motility after co-culture with epididymal cell monolayers that had been cultured for 7 days. The addition of inhibitors of actin polymerization (latrunculin A or B) to the co-culture system showed that wallaby sperm maturation was impaired by the interruption of actin organization within the immature spermatozoa. These results indicate that actin filaments play a significant role in sperm transformation during post-testicular maturation in marsupials. These observations also indicate that the marsupial co-culture system has the potential to greatly increase understanding of sperm-epididymal cell interactions and the mechanism of sperm maturation in these species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalReproduction
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Induction of sperm maturation in vitro in epididymal cell cultures of the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii): Disruption of motility initiation and sperm morphogenesis by inhibition of actin polymerization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this