Indoor moisture in 30 homes using unvented gas fireplaces

Paul W. Francisco, Jeffrey R. Gordon, William B. Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Water vapor is one ofthe primary products of combustion. Since unvented gas fireplaces release all combustion products into the home this means that a substantial amount of moisture is added to the indoor air during fireplace operation. An analysis of the indoor moisture levels in 30 homes using unvented gas fireplaces was performed using measurements from multiple locations in each home. Several different metrics were considered, including relative humidity (commonly used in assessments of comfort), vapor pressure (a temperature-independent metric), and dew-point (important for potential problems at surfaces). There was a median increase in vapor pressure of about 0.1 kPa (0.015 psi) for the sample of homes. Vapor pressures were typically fairly uniform within each home, with the most distant rooms often showing a slightly lower vapor pressure. The direction and magnitude of changes in relative humidity depended on the proximity to the fireplace, with locations further from the fireplace having higher relative humidity levels because of a lesser temperature influence. Dew-point levels rarely exceeded 50°F (10°C), which is approximately the dew-point required for condensation on a double-pane window when the indoor temperature is 70°F (21°C)and the outdoor temperature is 10°F (-12°C).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)914-923
Number of pages10
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Volume115 PART 2
StatePublished - 2009
Event2009 ASHRAE Annual Conference - Louisville, KY, United States
Duration: Jun 20 2009Jun 24 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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