Individual, social environmental and physical environmental barriers to achieving 10 000 steps per day among older women

Katherine S. Hall, Edward McAuley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the determinants of attaining/not attaining 10000 steps per day among older women. Methods: Daily step counts over 7 days were measured using accelerometry. Self-reported environmental characteristics, self-efficacy, social support and functional limitations were assessed in 128 older women. The presence of areas for activity within 1 km of each participant's residence was assessed using Geographic Information Systems. Multivariate analysis of variances were used to examine the degree to which these groups differed on measured constructs, and discriminant analysis was used to determine the profiles that discriminate among those who did not attain 10000 steps per day and those who did. Results: Participants who did not attain 10000 steps per day reported lower self-efficacy (P < 0.05), greater functional limitations (P < 0.05), had significantly fewer walking paths (P < 0.05) within 1 km of their home and reported significantly less street connectivity (P < 0.05) and safety from traffic (P < 0.05) than those who achieved 10000 steps per day. Conclusion: Lack of perceived and actual environmental supports for walking, more functional limitations and lower self-efficacy are barriers to achieving 10000 steps per day. The absence of these individual and environmental characteristics inhibits walking behavior in older women and should be considered in campaigns to promote a physically active lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-488
Number of pages11
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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