Individual differences in the neurobiology of fluid intelligence predict responsiveness to training: Evidence from a comprehensive cognitive, mindfulness meditation, and aerobic exercise intervention

Ana M. Daugherty, Bradley P. Sutton, Charles H. Hillman, Arthur F. Kramer, Neal J. Cohen, Aron K. Barbey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Fluid intelligence (Gf) is a critical cognitive ability that is predictive of real-world outcomes, and it has been a persistent aim to characterize its neural architecture. Procedure: We advance our prior research by applying latent class analysis to evaluate individual differences in the neural and cognitive foundations of Gf over the course of a 16-week randomized, multi-modal intervention trial in neurologically healthy, younger adults (N = 424). Results: Controlling for pre-intervention ability, three latent classes described individual performance at post-intervention and one group (n = 71) showed greater gains in visuospatial reasoning and high performance at post-intervention. The high performance group was predicted by larger anterior cingulate cortex, caudate and hippocampus volumes, and smaller middle frontal, insula and parahippocampal cortex volumes. Conclusion: Regions that support cognitive control, working memory, and relational processes differentiated individuals who had higher Gf ability at pre-intervention and demonstrated a cumulative better response to the intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100123
JournalTrends in Neuroscience and Education
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 1 2019

Fingerprint

Mindfulness
Meditation
Aptitude
Neurobiology
meditation
neurosciences
Intelligence
Individuality
intelligence
Exercise
evidence
Gyrus Cinguli
Short-Term Memory
Young Adult
Hippocampus
performance
ability
cognitive ability
Research
young adult

Keywords

  • Fluid intelligence
  • Insula cortex
  • Latent class analysis
  • Middle frontal gyrus
  • Parahippocampal gyrus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Individual differences in the neurobiology of fluid intelligence predict responsiveness to training: Evidence from a comprehensive cognitive, mindfulness meditation, and aerobic exercise intervention",
abstract = "Background: Fluid intelligence (Gf) is a critical cognitive ability that is predictive of real-world outcomes, and it has been a persistent aim to characterize its neural architecture. Procedure: We advance our prior research by applying latent class analysis to evaluate individual differences in the neural and cognitive foundations of Gf over the course of a 16-week randomized, multi-modal intervention trial in neurologically healthy, younger adults (N = 424). Results: Controlling for pre-intervention ability, three latent classes described individual performance at post-intervention and one group (n = 71) showed greater gains in visuospatial reasoning and high performance at post-intervention. The high performance group was predicted by larger anterior cingulate cortex, caudate and hippocampus volumes, and smaller middle frontal, insula and parahippocampal cortex volumes. Conclusion: Regions that support cognitive control, working memory, and relational processes differentiated individuals who had higher Gf ability at pre-intervention and demonstrated a cumulative better response to the intervention.",
keywords = "Fluid intelligence, Insula cortex, Latent class analysis, Middle frontal gyrus, Parahippocampal gyrus",
author = "Daugherty, {Ana M.} and Sutton, {Bradley P.} and Hillman, {Charles H.} and Kramer, {Arthur F.} and Cohen, {Neal J.} and Barbey, {Aron K.}",
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T2 - Evidence from a comprehensive cognitive, mindfulness meditation, and aerobic exercise intervention

AU - Daugherty, Ana M.

AU - Sutton, Bradley P.

AU - Hillman, Charles H.

AU - Kramer, Arthur F.

AU - Cohen, Neal J.

AU - Barbey, Aron K.

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - Background: Fluid intelligence (Gf) is a critical cognitive ability that is predictive of real-world outcomes, and it has been a persistent aim to characterize its neural architecture. Procedure: We advance our prior research by applying latent class analysis to evaluate individual differences in the neural and cognitive foundations of Gf over the course of a 16-week randomized, multi-modal intervention trial in neurologically healthy, younger adults (N = 424). Results: Controlling for pre-intervention ability, three latent classes described individual performance at post-intervention and one group (n = 71) showed greater gains in visuospatial reasoning and high performance at post-intervention. The high performance group was predicted by larger anterior cingulate cortex, caudate and hippocampus volumes, and smaller middle frontal, insula and parahippocampal cortex volumes. Conclusion: Regions that support cognitive control, working memory, and relational processes differentiated individuals who had higher Gf ability at pre-intervention and demonstrated a cumulative better response to the intervention.

AB - Background: Fluid intelligence (Gf) is a critical cognitive ability that is predictive of real-world outcomes, and it has been a persistent aim to characterize its neural architecture. Procedure: We advance our prior research by applying latent class analysis to evaluate individual differences in the neural and cognitive foundations of Gf over the course of a 16-week randomized, multi-modal intervention trial in neurologically healthy, younger adults (N = 424). Results: Controlling for pre-intervention ability, three latent classes described individual performance at post-intervention and one group (n = 71) showed greater gains in visuospatial reasoning and high performance at post-intervention. The high performance group was predicted by larger anterior cingulate cortex, caudate and hippocampus volumes, and smaller middle frontal, insula and parahippocampal cortex volumes. Conclusion: Regions that support cognitive control, working memory, and relational processes differentiated individuals who had higher Gf ability at pre-intervention and demonstrated a cumulative better response to the intervention.

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