Incorporation of multiport lumped networks into the hybrid time-domain finite-element analysis

Rui Wang, Jian Ming Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A systematic and efficient algorithm is presented for incorporating multiport lumped networks in terms of admittance matrices into a hybrid field-circuit solver based on the extended time-domain finite-element method. The Laplace-domain admittance matrices are cast into the time-domain stepping equations for port voltages and currents to form a lumped-network subsystem, which is then interfaced with the finite-element and circuit subsystems through shared ports. While the port voltages of the lumped-network subsystem are determined by the finite-element and circuit subsystems, its port currents are treated as external current excitations for the finite-element and circuit subsystems. All the lumped-network port variables are then eliminated from the final expressions to form a global system for only the finite-element and circuit unknowns. The proposed algorithm further extends the capability of the existing field-circuit solver to model more complex and mixed-scale hybrid circuits, and the algorithm is validated and demonstrated through numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5173475
Pages (from-to)2030-2037
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2009


  • Admittance matrices
  • Multiport lumped networks
  • Recursive convolution
  • Time-domain finite-element method (FEM)
  • Vector-fitting technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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