Inclusion of excess dietary calcium in diets for 100- to 130-kg growing pigs reduces feed intake and daily gain if dietary phosphorus is at or below the requirement

L. A. Merriman, C. L. Walk, M. R. Murphy, C. M. Parsons, H. H. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the requirement for standardized total tract digestible (STTD) Ca by pigs from 100 to 130 kg depends on the concentration of STTD P in the diet. Ninety pigs (average initial BW: 99.89 ± 3.34 kg) were randomly allotted to 15 experimental diets. Each diet was fed to 6 replicate pigs using a randomized complete block design. Fifteen corn and soybean meal-based diets were formulated and phytate and Na were constant among treatments. Diets were formulated using a 3 × 5 factorial design with diets containing 0.11%, 0.21%, or 0.31% STTD P and 0.12%, 0.29%, 0.46%, 0.61%, or 0.78% total Ca (0.08%, 0.18%, 0.29%, 0.38%, or 0.49% STTD Ca). The P concentrations ranged from 48 to 152% of the STTD P requirement for 100- to 125-kg pigs and the Ca concentrations ranged from 27 to 173% of the total Ca requirement. Experimental diets were fed for 28 d and pigs were individually housed. Pig and feeder weights were recorded at the beginning and at the conclusion of the experiment to calculate ADFI, ADG, and G:F. On d 28, all pigs were euthanized and the right femur was extracted. Ash, Ca, and P concentrations were determined from the de-fatted, dried femurs. Results indicated that as dietary concentrations of STTD Ca increased, ADFI decreased (main effect of Ca, P < 0.05), regardless of the dietary concentration of P. The model to predict ADFI (ADFI = 3.6782 – 1.2722 × STTD Ca [%]; P = 0.001) was dependent only on the concentration of dietary STTD Ca, but not on the concentration of dietary STTD P. In contrast, the model to predict ADG depended on both STTD Ca and STTD P (1.4556 – 1.4192 × STTD Ca [%] – 1.0653 × STTD P [%] + 4.2940 STTD Ca [%] × STTD P [%]; P = 0.002). There were no effects of STTD Ca or STTD P on G:F. Linear increases were observed for bone ash, bone Ca, and bone P as dietary concentrations of STTD Ca increased for all concentrations of STTD P, but the increase was greater at the greatest concentration of STTD P than at lower concentrations (interaction, P < 0.001). In conclusion, results indicate that the estimated requirement for dietary STTD Ca by 100- to 130-kg pigs needed to maximize ADG, bone ash, and bone Ca depends on the concentration of STTD P in the diet. Results also indicate that feeding Ca in excess of the current requirement for total Ca is detrimental to growth performance of pigs from 100 to 130 kg unless P is also included above the requirement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5439-5446
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume95
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Bone ash
  • Calcium
  • Digestible calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Pigs
  • Requirements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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