Inclusion and belonging in the family rituals of gay and lesbian people

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Survey data collected from 400 non-metropolitan gay men and lesbians were used to examine what factors lead them to attend a family-of-origin ritual and affect their sense of belonging during the event. The present study was inspired by qualitative findings regarding the production of outsider status during rituals. Attendance and belonging were both predicted by type of ritual and the quality of relationships with families of origin. Also, partners were more likely to be invited when the couple relationship was more visible. Residential community climate, age, income, and gender were not significant. The family membership complexities of gay and lesbian people are discussed, and a more nuanced understanding of membership during ritual is encouraged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-436
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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