In nanoparticle-augmented photothermal therapy, evaluating the delivery and spatial distribution of nanoparticles, followed by remote temperature mapping and monitoring, is essential to ensure the optimal therapeutic outcome. The utility of ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging to assist photothermal therapy has been previously demonstrated. Here, using a mouse xenograft tumor model, it is demonstrated in vivo that ultrasound-guided photoacoustic imaging can be used to plan the treatment and to guide the therapy. To evaluate nanoparticle delivery and spatial distribution, three-dimensional ultrasound and spectroscopic photoacoustic imaging of a mouse with a tumor was performed before and after intravenous injection of silica-coated gold nanorods. After injection and sufficient circulation of nanoparticles, photothermal therapy was performed for 5 min using an 808-nm continuouswave laser. During the photothermal therapy, photoacoustic images were acquired continuously and used to measure the temperature changes within tissue. A heterogeneous distribution of temperature, which was spatially correlated with the measured distribution of nanoparticles, indicated that peak temperatures of 53°C were achieved in the tumor. An Arrhenius thermal damage model determined that this thermal deposition would result in significant cell death. The results of this study suggest that ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging can effectively guide photothermal therapy to achieve the desired thermal treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control|
|State||Published - May 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering