In vitro hydrolytic digestion, glycemic response in dogs, and true metabolizable energy content of soluble corn fibers

M. R.C. de Godoy, B. K. Knapp, C. M. Parsons, K. S. Swanson, George C. Fahey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this research was to measure in vitro hydrolytic digestion, glycemic and insu-linemic responses in dogs, and true ME (TMEn) content of select soluble corn fibers (SCF) in roosters. The first generation (G1) SCF included hydrochloric acid-treated corn syrup (G1-CS-HCl), an SCF with an increased total dietary fiber (TDF) content (G1-SCF-HCl), an SCF that was spray-dried (G1-SCF-SD), and a hydro-genated SCF (G1-SCF-hydrog). The second generation (G2) SCF included those prepared using phosphoric acid catalyzation in both a liquid [G2-SCF-phos (Lq)] and powder [G2-SCF-phos (Pw)] form, and SCF that were prepared using hydrochloric acid catalyzation in both a liquid [G2-SCF-HCl (Lq)] and powder [G2-SCF-HCl (Pw)] form. Also, in the G2 set of samples were SCF prepared using the same method, but in 3 separate batches, all of which contained 70% TDF and 15% sugars. Two were in liquid form [G2-SCF-phos+HCl (Lq1)] and [G2-SCF-phos+HCl (Lq2)], and one in powder form ([G2-SCF-phos+HCl (Pw)]. A lower sugar form (80% TDF and 5% sugar) of SCF was also evaluated (G2-SCF-low sugar). Glucose was the major free sugar and bound monosaccharide in all SCF except for G1-SCF-hydrog that had greater concentrations of sorbitol. All SCF had intermediate to low amounts of monosaccharides released as a result of in vitro hydrolytic digestion, with glucose being the primary sugar component released. The G1-SCF were more digestible in vitro (approximately 50%) compared to G2-SCF (approximately 32%). All SCF had attenuated glycemic responses in adult dogs compared to a malto-dextrin control (P < 0.05). The G2-SCF, on average, had lower glycemic responses and TMEn values in roosters than G1-SCF. All SCF had low free sugar concentrations with varying degrees of resistance to digestion, reduced caloric content, and attenuated glycemic and insulinemic responses in adult dogs. These ingredients are potential candidates for inclusion in reduced calorie and low gly-cemic canine diets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2447-2457
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume92
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Canine
  • Glycemic response
  • In vitro digestion
  • Soluble corn fibers
  • True metabolizable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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