In-situ probing of near and below sputter-threshold ion-induced nanopatterning on GaSb(1 0 0)

O. El-Atwani, J. P. Allain, S. Ortoleva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This work presents in-situ near and below sputter-threshold studies for GaSb(1 0 0) at energies 50, 100 and 200 eV and current densities near 50 μAcm -2. Variation of incident particle energy probes the energy deposition distribution and its relation to surface composition. In-situ analysis is conducted over irradiation modification using Ar singly-charged ions at normal incidence of the surface using complementary techniques including: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ion-scattering spectroscopy (LEISS). The former probes 1-3 nm and the latter technique probes the first 1-2 ML or 0.3-0.6 nm. Ex-situ analysis includes HR-SEM to correlated surface morphology with surface composition studied in-situ during irradiation. Results indicate ordering of nanodot formation at fluence threshold of about 10 17 cm -2. Both XPS and LEISS identify Ga 2O 3 islands formation due to GaSb chemical affinity for oxygen followed by an initial enhancement of Ga/Sb = 1.20 ratio and then a sharp drop in Ga relative concentration with LEISS reaching a Sb-dominated terminating 1-2 nm region corresponding to the implantation depth between 50 and 200 eV. XPS shows a slight enrichment of Ga in sub-surface layers that levels to a 1:1 stoichiometry of the crystalline GaSb(1 0 0) surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)210-213
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume272
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Ions
Surface structure
Irradiation
photoelectron spectroscopy
thresholds
probes
irradiation
ions
energy
Stoichiometry
Surface morphology
Current density
Spectroscopy
Scattering
Crystalline materials
Scanning electron microscopy
Oxygen
ion scattering
particle energy

Keywords

  • GaSb
  • In-situ surface characterization
  • Ion sputtering
  • Nanopatterning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "This work presents in-situ near and below sputter-threshold studies for GaSb(1 0 0) at energies 50, 100 and 200 eV and current densities near 50 μAcm -2. Variation of incident particle energy probes the energy deposition distribution and its relation to surface composition. In-situ analysis is conducted over irradiation modification using Ar singly-charged ions at normal incidence of the surface using complementary techniques including: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ion-scattering spectroscopy (LEISS). The former probes 1-3 nm and the latter technique probes the first 1-2 ML or 0.3-0.6 nm. Ex-situ analysis includes HR-SEM to correlated surface morphology with surface composition studied in-situ during irradiation. Results indicate ordering of nanodot formation at fluence threshold of about 10 17 cm -2. Both XPS and LEISS identify Ga 2O 3 islands formation due to GaSb chemical affinity for oxygen followed by an initial enhancement of Ga/Sb = 1.20 ratio and then a sharp drop in Ga relative concentration with LEISS reaching a Sb-dominated terminating 1-2 nm region corresponding to the implantation depth between 50 and 200 eV. XPS shows a slight enrichment of Ga in sub-surface layers that levels to a 1:1 stoichiometry of the crystalline GaSb(1 0 0) surface.",
keywords = "GaSb, In-situ surface characterization, Ion sputtering, Nanopatterning",
author = "O. El-Atwani and Allain, {J. P.} and S. Ortoleva",
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T1 - In-situ probing of near and below sputter-threshold ion-induced nanopatterning on GaSb(1 0 0)

AU - El-Atwani,O.

AU - Allain,J. P.

AU - Ortoleva,S.

PY - 2012/2/1

Y1 - 2012/2/1

N2 - This work presents in-situ near and below sputter-threshold studies for GaSb(1 0 0) at energies 50, 100 and 200 eV and current densities near 50 μAcm -2. Variation of incident particle energy probes the energy deposition distribution and its relation to surface composition. In-situ analysis is conducted over irradiation modification using Ar singly-charged ions at normal incidence of the surface using complementary techniques including: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ion-scattering spectroscopy (LEISS). The former probes 1-3 nm and the latter technique probes the first 1-2 ML or 0.3-0.6 nm. Ex-situ analysis includes HR-SEM to correlated surface morphology with surface composition studied in-situ during irradiation. Results indicate ordering of nanodot formation at fluence threshold of about 10 17 cm -2. Both XPS and LEISS identify Ga 2O 3 islands formation due to GaSb chemical affinity for oxygen followed by an initial enhancement of Ga/Sb = 1.20 ratio and then a sharp drop in Ga relative concentration with LEISS reaching a Sb-dominated terminating 1-2 nm region corresponding to the implantation depth between 50 and 200 eV. XPS shows a slight enrichment of Ga in sub-surface layers that levels to a 1:1 stoichiometry of the crystalline GaSb(1 0 0) surface.

AB - This work presents in-situ near and below sputter-threshold studies for GaSb(1 0 0) at energies 50, 100 and 200 eV and current densities near 50 μAcm -2. Variation of incident particle energy probes the energy deposition distribution and its relation to surface composition. In-situ analysis is conducted over irradiation modification using Ar singly-charged ions at normal incidence of the surface using complementary techniques including: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ion-scattering spectroscopy (LEISS). The former probes 1-3 nm and the latter technique probes the first 1-2 ML or 0.3-0.6 nm. Ex-situ analysis includes HR-SEM to correlated surface morphology with surface composition studied in-situ during irradiation. Results indicate ordering of nanodot formation at fluence threshold of about 10 17 cm -2. Both XPS and LEISS identify Ga 2O 3 islands formation due to GaSb chemical affinity for oxygen followed by an initial enhancement of Ga/Sb = 1.20 ratio and then a sharp drop in Ga relative concentration with LEISS reaching a Sb-dominated terminating 1-2 nm region corresponding to the implantation depth between 50 and 200 eV. XPS shows a slight enrichment of Ga in sub-surface layers that levels to a 1:1 stoichiometry of the crystalline GaSb(1 0 0) surface.

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KW - Nanopatterning

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