In situ measurement of the aerosol extinction-to-backscatter ratio at a polluted continental site

Theodore L. Anderson, Sarah J. Masonis, David S. Covert, Robert J. Charlson, Mark J. Rood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The extinction-to-backscatter ratio S is a crucial parameter for quantitative interpretation of lidar data, yet empirical knowledge of S for tropospheric aerosols is extremely limited. Here we review that knowledge and extend it using a recently developed in situ technique that employs a 180° backscatter nephelometer. This technique allows robust quantification of measurement uncertainties and permits correlations with other aerosol and meteorological properties to be explored. During 4 weeks of nearly continuous measurements in central Illinois, S was found to vary over a wide range, confirming previous indications that geographical location by itself is not necessarily a good predictor. The data suggest a modest dependence of S on relative humidity, but this explains only a small portion of the variation. Most variation was associated with changes between two dominant air mass types: rapid transport from the northwest and regional stagnation. The latter category displayed much higher aerosol concentrations and a systematically higher and more tightly constrained range of S. Averages and standard deviations were 64 ± 4 sr for the stagnant category and 40 ± 9 sr for the rapid transport category. Considering the 95% confidence precision uncertainty of the measurements, the difference between these averages is at least 13 sr and could be as large as 35 sr. The wavelength dependence of light scattering, as measured by a conventional nephelometer, is shown to have some discriminatory power with respect to S.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000JD900400
Pages (from-to)26907-26915
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume105
Issue numberD22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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