In situ diffraction study of the high-temperature decomposition of t′-zirconia

Jessica A. Krogstad, Yan Gao, Jianming Bai, Jun Wang, Don M. Lipkin, Carlos G. Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The mechanisms of phase destabilization upon aging of the metastable t′ phase of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) are poorly understood, despite its broad application in thermal barrier coatings. To provide insight, synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) with a quadrupole lamp furnace is used to examine the temperature response, including thermal expansion and phase evolution, of a 9 mol% (8 wt%) YO1.5 t′-8YSZ. The thermal expansion of equilibrated YSZ powders ranging from 0 to 18.4 mol% YO1.5 is also investigated to better understand the effect of composition on the thermal expansion anisotropy. The T0(c/t) temperature for t′-8YSZ is estimated to be 1640°C. Full decomposition of the t′ phase into a coherent mixture of a Y-lean tetragonal phase (t) and a Y-rich cubic phase (c) that coarsen over time is observed at elevated temperatures; however, upon quenching, the t′ phase reappears in the diffraction profile. This supports our evolving understanding that the t′ phase observed by XRD in aged samples is a microstructural artifact due to the coherency strain between the t and c phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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