In-plane hexagonal antiferromagnet in the Cu-Mn-As system Cu0.82Mn1.18As

Manohar H. Karigerasi, Kisung Kang, Arun Ramanathan, Danielle L. Gray, Matthias D. Frontzek, Huibo Cao, André Schleife, Daniel P. Shoemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the single-crystal growth and characterization of a hexagonal phase Cu0.82Mn1.18As, in the Cu-Mn-As system. This compound contains the same square-pyramidal MnAs5 units as the tetragonal and orthorhombic polymorphs of CuMnAs. Calorimetry, magnetometry, and neutron diffraction measurements reveal antiferromagnetic ordering at 270 K. The magnetic structure consists of a triangular arrangement of spins in the ab plane. Hexagonal Cu0.82Mn1.18As shows resistivity that varies only weakly from 5 to 300 K, and is many times higher than tetragonal CuMnAs, indicative of a strongly scattering metal. First-principles calculations confirm the metallic band structure with a small density of states at the Fermi energy. The neutron-refined magnetic ground state is close to the computationally determined minimum energy configuration. This compound should serve as a clear control when disentangling the effects of current-driven Néel switching of metallic antiferromagnets since it exhibits in-plane spins but the magnetic ordering does not break degeneracy along the a and b directions, unlike tetragonal CuMnAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111402
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 27 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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