In-home assessment of greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions from biomass cookstoves in developing countries

Michael A. Johnson, Tami Bond, Nicholas Lam, Cheryl Weyant, Yanju Chen, Justin Ellis, Vijay Modi, Sandeep Joshi, Mahesh Yagnaraman, David Pennise

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The emissions estimates from this study indicate that both traditional and intervention stoves can emit large quantities of CO 2e as products of incomplete combustion, with black carbon contributing up to 37% of the net impact even when all CO 2 is included. The relative CO 2e contributions across stove types, however, vary substantially, highlighting the need to carefully evaluate stove emissions in the field to assess potential climate impacts. Assessment of a wider range of cooking solutions, including clean fuels (e.g. LPG, ethanol, biogas, kerosene, and plant oils), advanced stoves (e.g. forced air, gasifier, TLUD, and pyrolytic), rocket stoves, and others would provide a valuable database of emissions factors, as well as means to compare different stove technologies' performance under realistic conditions. Finally, efforts to better connect laboratory and field performance of stoves would greatly aid efforts in stove design, developing protocols for stove standards, and increasing the overall relevance of stove performance testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAir and Waste Management Association - Greenhouse Gas Strategies in a Changing Climate Conference 2011
Pages530-542
Number of pages13
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
EventGreenhouse Gas Strategies in a Changing Climate Conference 2011 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 16 2011Nov 17 2011

Publication series

NameAir and Waste Management Association - Greenhouse Gas Strategies in a Changing Climate Conference 2011

Other

OtherGreenhouse Gas Strategies in a Changing Climate Conference 2011
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period11/16/1111/17/11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

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