Impurity-induced singlet breaking in Sr Cu2 (B O3) 2

A. A. Aczel, G. J. MacDougall, J. A. Rodriguez, G. M. Luke, P. L. Russo, A. T. Savici, Y. J. Uemura, H. A. Dabkowska, C. R. Wiebe, J. A. Janik, H. Kageyama

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We have performed muon spin relaxation (μSR) studies on single crystals of Sr Cu2 (B O3) 2, a quasi-two-dimensional spin system with a spin-singlet ground state. We find evidence for two different muon sites which we associate with muons located adjacent to the two inequivalent O sites. One site, presumably located in the Cu-O-Cu superexchange path, exhibits a large increase in the frequency shift with decreasing temperature which is unaffected by the onset of the singlet ground state, indicating that the muon has perturbed the Cu-Cu interaction and created two quasifree spins. We have also performed μSR on single crystals of Sr Mg0.05 Cu1.95 (B O3) 2, Sr0.96 La0.04 Cu2 (B O3) 2, and Sr0.95 Na0.05 Cu2 (B O3) 2. We have found that the frequency shifts of these doped samples are equivalent and contain three branches at low temperatures. Two of these branches map onto the branches observed in the pure sample, and so we attribute the third branch to a dopant effect. Specifically, this third branch represents the case when the muon resides at a site in the superexchange path where a local singlet cannot form due to doping. This leads to the conclusion that doping this system both in and out of the CuB O3 planes prevents the formation of some singlets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number214427
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number21
StatePublished - Dec 26 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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