The deep energy method (DEM), a type of physics-informed neural network, is evolving as an alternative to finite element analysis. It employs the principle of minimum potential energy to predict an object’s behavior under various boundary conditions. However, the model’s accuracy is contingent upon choosing the appropriate architecture for the model, which can be challenging due to the high interactions between hyperparameters, large search space, difficulty in identifying objective functions, and non-convex relationships with the objective functions. To improve DEM’s accuracy, we first introduce random Fourier feature (RFF) mapping. RFF mapping helps during the model’s training by reducing bias toward high frequencies. The effects of six hyperparameters are then studied under static compression, tension, and bending loads in planar linear elasticity. Based on this study, a systematic automated hyperparameter optimization approach is proposed. Due to the high interaction between hyperparameters and the non-convex nature of the optimization problem, Bayesian optimization algorithms are used. The models trained using optimized hyperparameters and having Fourier feature mapping can accurately predict deflections compared to finite element analysis. Additionally, the deflections obtained for tension and compression load cases are more sensitive to variations in hyperparameters than bending.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5975-5998
Number of pages24
JournalActa Mechanica
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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