Improvement of sugar yields from corn stover using sequential hot water pretreatment and disk milling

Sun Min Kim, Bruce S. Dien, M. E. Tumbleson, Kent D. Rausch, Vijay Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Efficient pretreatment is essential for economic conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks into monosaccharides for biofuel production. To realize high sugar yields with low inhibitor concentrations, hot water or dilute acid pretreatment followed by disk milling is proposed. Corn stover at 20% solids was pretreated with hot water at 160-200 °C for 4-8 min with and without subsequent milling. Hot water pretreatment and disk milling acted synergistically to improve glucose and xylose yields by 89% and 134%, respectively, compared to hot water pretreatment alone. Hot water pretreated (180 °C for 4 min) and milled samples had the highest glucose and xylose yields among all hot water pretreated and milled samples, which were comparable to samples pretreated with 0.55% dilute acid at 160 °C for 4 min. However, samples pretreated with 1% dilute acid at 150 °C for 4 min and disk milled had the highest observed glucose (87.3%) and xylose yields (83.4%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-713
Number of pages8
JournalBioresource Technology
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Corn stover
  • Dilute acid pretreatment
  • Disk milling
  • Hot water pretreatment
  • Mechanical grinding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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