Improved graphene growth and fluorination on Cu with clean transfer to surfaces

Joshua D. Wood, Scott W. Schmucker, Richard T. Haasch, Gregory P. Doidge, Lea Nienhaus, Gregory L. Damhorst, Austin S. Lyons, Martin Gruebele, Rashid Bashir, Eric Pop, Joseph W. Lyding

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Wafer-scale, high-quality graphene growth, functionalization, and transfer to arbitrary surfaces are required to make the next generation of novel carbon-based nanoelectronics. To that end, we perform chemical vapor deposition of graphene on Cu and find that the Cu surface crystallography affects the graphene growth. Hexagonal, low-index Cu(111) gives high-quality, monolayer graphene at the fastest growth rate. High-index surfaces and Cu(100) give more multilayer, defective graphene. For fluorinated graphene, fluorine chemisorbs to graphene on high-index Cu facets before low-index surfaces, promoting tunable fluorine coverage and graphene bandgaps based on the Cu surface crystallography. Using atomic force microscopy, we confirm clean transfer of these graphene layers to arbitrary substrates with a poly(bisphenol A carbonate) support. Our improved graphene growth, functionalization, and transfer procedures enable the nanofabrication of layered graphene structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2012
Event2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012 - Birmingham, United Kingdom
Duration: Aug 20 2012Aug 23 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology
ISSN (Print)1944-9399
ISSN (Electronic)1944-9380

Other

Other2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBirmingham
Period8/20/128/23/12

Fingerprint

Fluorination
fluorination
Graphite
Graphene
graphene
Crystallography
Fluorine
crystallography
fluorine
bisphenols
Nanoelectronics
nanofabrication
Carbonates
Nanotechnology
flat surfaces
Chemical vapor deposition
Monolayers
Atomic force microscopy
carbonates
Multilayers

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Crystallography
  • Fluorinated graphene
  • Graphene
  • Raman
  • Transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Wood, J. D., Schmucker, S. W., Haasch, R. T., Doidge, G. P., Nienhaus, L., Damhorst, G. L., ... Lyding, J. W. (2012). Improved graphene growth and fluorination on Cu with clean transfer to surfaces. In 2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012 [6322101] (Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology). https://doi.org/10.1109/NANO.2012.6322101

Improved graphene growth and fluorination on Cu with clean transfer to surfaces. / Wood, Joshua D.; Schmucker, Scott W.; Haasch, Richard T.; Doidge, Gregory P.; Nienhaus, Lea; Damhorst, Gregory L.; Lyons, Austin S.; Gruebele, Martin; Bashir, Rashid; Pop, Eric; Lyding, Joseph W.

2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012. 2012. 6322101 (Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wood, JD, Schmucker, SW, Haasch, RT, Doidge, GP, Nienhaus, L, Damhorst, GL, Lyons, AS, Gruebele, M, Bashir, R, Pop, E & Lyding, JW 2012, Improved graphene growth and fluorination on Cu with clean transfer to surfaces. in 2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012., 6322101, Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology, 2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012, Birmingham, United Kingdom, 8/20/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/NANO.2012.6322101
Wood JD, Schmucker SW, Haasch RT, Doidge GP, Nienhaus L, Damhorst GL et al. Improved graphene growth and fluorination on Cu with clean transfer to surfaces. In 2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012. 2012. 6322101. (Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology). https://doi.org/10.1109/NANO.2012.6322101
Wood, Joshua D. ; Schmucker, Scott W. ; Haasch, Richard T. ; Doidge, Gregory P. ; Nienhaus, Lea ; Damhorst, Gregory L. ; Lyons, Austin S. ; Gruebele, Martin ; Bashir, Rashid ; Pop, Eric ; Lyding, Joseph W. / Improved graphene growth and fluorination on Cu with clean transfer to surfaces. 2012 12th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology, NANO 2012. 2012. (Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Nanotechnology).
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AU - Damhorst, Gregory L.

AU - Lyons, Austin S.

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AB - Wafer-scale, high-quality graphene growth, functionalization, and transfer to arbitrary surfaces are required to make the next generation of novel carbon-based nanoelectronics. To that end, we perform chemical vapor deposition of graphene on Cu and find that the Cu surface crystallography affects the graphene growth. Hexagonal, low-index Cu(111) gives high-quality, monolayer graphene at the fastest growth rate. High-index surfaces and Cu(100) give more multilayer, defective graphene. For fluorinated graphene, fluorine chemisorbs to graphene on high-index Cu facets before low-index surfaces, promoting tunable fluorine coverage and graphene bandgaps based on the Cu surface crystallography. Using atomic force microscopy, we confirm clean transfer of these graphene layers to arbitrary substrates with a poly(bisphenol A carbonate) support. Our improved graphene growth, functionalization, and transfer procedures enable the nanofabrication of layered graphene structures.

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