While research on ethnic and racial discrimination in leisure has significantly expanded in recent years, the existing literature on the subject fails to provide much information about the reasons behind discrimination in leisure settings, characteristics of settings and activities associated with a high incidence of discrimination, characteristics of likely victims of racially or ethnically motivated attacks, and possible ways to reduce the frequency and intensity of such attacks. This paper uses the Conditioned Attitude Model of Individual Discriminatory Behavior to predict patterns of discrimination in leisure. It is shown how discrimination patterns may differ in work versus leisure environments. The differences in the nature of discrimination in leisure settings depending on the type of contact between minorities and the mainstream and on the cultural content of activities are isolated. Also, eleven empirically testable propositions regarding discrimination in leisure and work and the relationship between discrimination and the type of inter-ethnic contact and the nature of leisure activities are developed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management