Impedance spectroscopy and microstructural characterization of the corrosion behavior of FeCrAl alloy in lead-bismuth eutectic

Xiang Chen, Rick Haasch, James F. Stubbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The corrosion behavior of FeCrAl alloy in Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) saturated with oxygen at 550 °C was investigated. Impedance Spectroscopy (IS) measurement was made continuously on one specimen during the entire LBE exposure test to characterize the corrosion kinetics. Various microanalysis techniques, including SEM, EDS, XRD, AES, and XPS were used to analyze the corrosion products of post-exposure specimens. It was found that a very thin, adherent alumina oxide layer formed on the specimen surface and was able to protect the alloy from the corrosion attack in LBE. The thickness of the alumina surface layer increased very slowly with time reaching about 837 nm in average thickness after exposure for 3600-h in LBE. The IS measurements match the microanalysis results in three respects: first, a non-zero impedance measurement agrees with the existence of a continuous surface oxide layer; second, a general increase of the impedance was observed during the real-time IS measurement which means that the IS measurements reflect the growth rate of the oxide layer; and third, the oxide film thickness derived from the IS data compares favorably with the SEM film thickness measurements which establishes the validity of using IS to monitor the real-time corrosion kinetics of alloys in LBE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-132
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Volume431
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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