Impacts of yield-stress fluid drops on permeable mesh substrates

Brendan C. Blackwell, Athrey E. Nadhan, Randy H. Ewoldt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Viscoplastic fluids, also known as yield-stress fluids, can stick and accumulate where they impact. Here we experimentally study conditions for open surfaces to be impermeable to impacting yield-stress fluid drops, and the dynamic conditions for these drops to permeate and coat internal aspects of a complex topography. We experimentally study drops of model yield stress fluids (Carbopol microgel particles in water) impacting open solid meshes (rigid surfaces with small, evenly spaced openings). High speed video reveals dynamics across a range of behavior, from 0% to 100% transmittance, by varying drop size, impact velocity, mesh geometry, and rheological material properties. When inertial stresses are sufficiently high compared to the yield stress, a drop can pass through a mesh, breaking into smaller fluid particles with varying shapes, sizes, and velocities in the process. In contrast, when inertial stresses are sufficiently low compared to the yield stress, a drop can stick to the mesh as though it were a solid surface, inhibited from passing through the holes by the yield stress. Layers of multiple meshes are also examined, demonstrating a range of behaviors and the ability to coat internal aspects of complex topography. Dimensional analysis is performed to characterize material transmittance and velocity of transmitted droplets as a function of dimensionless input parameters. Behavior is found to be well governed by the ratio of inertial stress to the sum of yield and viscous stresses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
Volume238
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Complex topography
  • Drop impact
  • Viscoplastic
  • Yield-stress fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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