Impacts of rising tropospheric ozone on photosynthesis and metabolite levels on field grown soybean

Jindong Sun, Zhaozhong Feng, Donald R. Ort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The response of leaf photosynthesis and metabolite profiles to ozone (O3) exposure ranging from 37 to 116ppb was investigated in two soybean cultivars Dwight and IA3010 in the field under fully open-air conditions. Leaf photosynthesis, total non-structural carbohydrates (TNC) and total free amino acids (TAA) decreased linearly with increasing O3 levels in both cultivars with average decrease of 7% for an increase in O3 levels by 10ppb. Ozone interacted with developmental stages and leaf ages, and caused higher damage at later reproductive stages and in older leaves. Ozone affected yield mainly via reduction of maximum rate of Rubisco carboxylation (Vcmax) and maximum rates of electron transport (Jmax) as well as a shorter growing season due to earlier onset of canopy senescence. For all parameters investigated the critical O3 levels (~50ppb) for detectable damage fell within O3 levels that occur routinely in soybean fields across the US and elsewhere in the world. Strong correlations were observed in O3-induced changes among yield, photosynthesis, TNC, TAA and many metabolites. The broad range of metabolites that showed O3 dose dependent effect is consistent with multiple interaction loci and thus multiple targets for improving the tolerance of soybean to O3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-161
Number of pages15
JournalPlant Science
Volume226
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Crop yield
  • Metabolites
  • Ozone
  • Photosynthesis
  • Soybean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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